Republic of Honduras
Republic of Honduras is a country in Central America, bordered to the
west by Guatemala, to the south west by El Salvador, to the south east
by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean, to the north by the
Gulf of Honduras and the Caribbean Sea, with Belize (formerly British
Honduras) situated 75 km away across the Gulf of Honduras.
Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas.
The Mesoamerican region, the landmass that extends from Southern
Mexico to Panama, known for its diversity of species, is often called a
"biodiversity hotspot". Similar to other countries in the region,
Honduras contains diverse biological resources as well as indigenous
cultures. For instance, it is believed that approximately 6,000-8,000
species of vascular plants are distributed across the country. The
number of reptiles and amphibians species recorded so far is around 245;
birds can be between 650-700 species, and mammal species are close to